Selasa, 22 Januari 2013

Linux Mint

Linux Mint adalah sistem operasi komputer yang didasarkan pada Ubuntu distribusi Linux. Linux Mint menambahkan banyak fitur yang Ubuntu tidak memiliki seperti menyediakan lebih lengkap out-of-the-box pengalaman dengan memasukkan perangkat lunak berpemilik termasuk Java dan Adobe Flash plugin browser web, yang tidak terpasang secara default di sebagian besar distribusi Linux. Karena masalah dengan perizinan, driver proprietary untuk hardware seperti kartu nirkabel tidak disertakan secara default, meskipun mereka dapat didownload secara gratis setelah instalasi.
Linux Mint memperkenalkan rilis pertama, bernama "Ada", pada tahun 2006. Rilis terbaru dan 14 adalah "Nadia".
Linux Mint menggunakan perangkat lunak sumber bebas dan terbuka terutama, membuat pengecualian untuk beberapa perangkat lunak berpemilik, seperti plug-in dan codec yang menyediakan Adobe Flash, Java, MP3, dan DVD playback. Inklusi Linux Mint tentang perangkat lunak berpemilik jarang, sebagian besar distribusi Linux tidak termasuk perangkat lunak berpemilik secara default, sebagai tujuan umum untuk distribusi Linux adalah untuk mematuhi model perangkat lunak bebas dan sumber terbuka.
Linux Mint datang diinstal dengan berbagai perangkat lunak yang mencakup LibreOffice, Firefox, Thunderbird, XChat, Pidgin, Transmisi dan GIMP. Software tambahan yang tidak terinstal secara default dapat didownload menggunakan manajer paket. Linux Mint memungkinkan port jaringan harus ditutup menggunakan firewall, dengan pemilihan port disesuaikan tersedia. Default Linux Mint lingkungan desktop, dan MATE Cinnamon, dukungan banyak bahasa. Linux Mint juga dapat menjalankan banyak program yang dirancang untuk Microsoft Windows (seperti Microsoft Office), menggunakan software Wine atau menggunakan software virtualisasi (seperti VMware Workstation atau VirtualBox).
Linux Mint tersedia dengan sejumlah lingkungan desktop untuk memilih dari, termasuk Cinnamon, MATE, KDE Plasma Desktop, dan Xfce. Lingkungan desktop lainnya dapat diinstal melalui APT.
Linux Mint aktif mengembangkan perangkat lunak untuk sistem operasi. Sebagian besar pembangunan dilakukan di Python dan kode sumber tersedia di GitHub.


Software developed by Linux Mint

  1. The Linux Mint Software Manager allows users to view and install programs from the Software Portal directly from their desktop.
  2. Cinnamon: A fork of GNOME Shell based on the innovations made in Mint Gnome Shell Extensions (MGSE). Released as an add-on for Linux Mint 12 and available as a default desktop environment since Linux Mint 13
  3. Software Manager (mintInstall): Runs .mint files, which are files containing instructions to install packages. As of Linux Mint 6, this tool has been revamped, and now enables viewing of all the applications on the Mint Software Portal offline, provided an Internet connection is available to download the information first. Also enables installation any of the programs listed directly from the desktop, instead of going to the site. The option to use the old MintInstall program is available; from here the Ubuntu Repositories or the Getdeb.net website may be searched.
  4. Update Manager (mintUpdate): Designed to prevent inexperienced users from installing updates that are unnecessary or require a certain level of knowledge to configure properly. It assigns updates a safety-level (from 1 to 5), based on the stability and necessity of the update. Updates can be set to notify users (as is normal), be listed but not notify, or be hidden by default. In addition to including updates specifically for the Linux Mint distribution, the development team tests all package-wide updates.
  5. Main Menu (mintMenu): An advanced menu, featuring filtering, installation and removal of software, system and places links, favorites, session management, editable items, custom places and many configuration options. Also ported to MATE in Linux Mint 12 (Lisa).
  6. Backup tool (mintBackup): Enables the user to back up and restore data, as well as upgrade to newer releases by performing fresh installations.
  7. Upload Manager (mintUpload): Defines upload services for FTP, SFTP and SCP servers. Services are then available in the system tray and provide zones where they may be automatically uploaded to their corresponding destinations.
  8. Domain Blocker (mintNanny): A basic domain blocking parental control tool. Enables the user to manually add domains to be blocked system wide. This tool was introduced with the release of Linux Mint 6.
  9. Desktop Settings: A desktop configuration tool for easy configuration of the desktop.
  10. Welcome screen (mintWelcome): Introduced in Linux Mint 7, an application that starts on the first login of any new account. It shows a dialogue window welcoming the user to Linux Mint, and providing links to the Linux Mint website, user guide and community website.
  11. Remastering tool (mintConstructor): A tool for remastering Linux Mint. It is not installed by default in any Linux Mint edition, but is included in the repositories and used by the developers for creating ISO files. Users interested in creating their own distribution based on Linux Mint can make use of this tool to do so.
  12. Mint Gnome Shell Extensions (MGSE): A desktop layer on top of GNOME 3 to make it feel like GNOME 2. Includes a bottom panel, an application menu, the window list, task-centric desktop (i.e. switches between windows, not applications) and system tray icons. It is designed to give users a traditional desktop environment. This was included in Linux Mint in version 12 (Lisa).

Sumber : Wikipedia



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